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pg

A Postgres driver

postgres
0.21.0 Latest release released
will/crystal-pg
337 58 23

crystal-pg

A native, non-blocking Postgres driver for Crystal

Build Status

usage

This driver now uses the crystal-db project. Documentation on connecting, querying, etc, can be found at:

  • https://crystal-lang.org/docs/database/
  • https://crystal-lang.org/docs/database/connection_pool.html

shards

Add this to your shard.yml and run shards install

dependencies:
  pg:
    github: will/crystal-pg

Listen/Notify

There are two ways to listen for notifications. For docs on NOTIFY, please read https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/sql-notify.html.

  1. Any connection can be given a callback to run on notifications. However they are only received when other traffic is going on.
  2. A special listen-only connection can be established for instant notification processing with PG.connect_listen.
# see full example in examples/listen_notify.cr
PG.connect_listen("postgres:///", "a", "b") do |n| # connect and  listen on "a" and "b"
  puts "    got: #{n.payload} on #{n.channel}"     # print notifications as they come in
end

Arrays

Crystal-pg supports several popular array types. If you only need a 1 dimensional array, you can cast down to the appropriate Crystal type:

PG_DB.query_one("select ARRAY[1, null, 3]", &.read(Array(Int32?))
# => [1, nil, 3]

PG_DB.query_one("select '{hello, world}'::text[]", &.read(Array(String))
# => ["hello", "world"]

Error Handling

It is possible to catch errors and notifications and pass them along to Crystal for further handling.

DB.connect("postgres:///") do |cnn|
  # Capture and print all exceptions
  cnn.on_notice { |x| puts "pgSQL #{x}" }

  # A function that raises exceptions
  cnn.exec(
    <<-SQL
      CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION foo(IN str TEXT)
        RETURNS VOID
        LANGUAGE 'plpgsql'
        AS $$
          BEGIN
            IF str = 'yes' THEN
                    RAISE NOTICE 'Glad we agree!';
            ELSE
              RAISE EXCEPTION 'You know nothing John Snow!';
            END IF;
          END;
        $$;
    SQL
  )

  # Notice handling example
  cnn.exec(
    <<-SQL
      SELECT foo('yes');
    SQL
  )
  # => pgSQL NOTICE: Glad we agree!

  # Exception handling example
  cnn.exec(
    <<-SQL
      SELECT foo('no');
    SQL
  )
  # => pgSQL ERROR: You know nothing John Snow!
  #    Unhandled exception: You know nothing John Snow! (PQ::PQError)
  #     from lib/pg/src/pq/connection.cr:203:7 in 'handle_error'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pq/connection.cr:186:7 in 'handle_async_frames'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pq/connection.cr:162:7 in 'read'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pq/connection.cr:386:18 in 'expect_frame'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pq/connection.cr:370:9 in 'read_next_row_start'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pg/result_set.cr:39:8 in 'move_next'
  #     from lib/pg/src/pg/statement.cr:39:13 in 'perform_exec'
  #     from lib/db/src/db/statement.cr:82:14 in 'perform_exec_and_release'
  #     from lib/db/src/db/statement.cr:68:7 in 'exec:args'
  #     from lib/db/src/db/query_methods.cr:271:7 in 'exec'
  #     from spec/cerebrum_spec.cr:84:3 in '__crystal_main'
  #     from /usr/share/crystal/src/crystal/main.cr:97:5 in 'main_user_code'
  #     from /usr/share/crystal/src/crystal/main.cr:86:7 in 'main'
  #     from /usr/share/crystal/src/crystal/main.cr:106:3 in 'main'
  #     from __libc_start_main
  #     from _start
  #     from ???

Requirements

Crystal-pg is regularly tested on the Postgres versions the Postgres project itself supports. Since it uses protocol version 3, older versions probably also work but are not guaranteed.

Supported Datatypes

  • text
  • boolean
  • int8, int4, int2
  • float4, float8
  • timestamptz, date, timestamp (but no one should use ts when tstz exists!)
  • json and jsonb
  • uuid
  • bytea
  • numeric/decimal (1)
  • varchar
  • regtype
  • geo types: point, box, path, lseg, polygon, circle, line
  • array types: int8, int4, int2, float8, float4, bool, text, numeric, timestamptz, date, timestamp

1: A note on numeric: In Postgres this type has arbitrary precision. In this driver, it is represented as a PG::Numeric which retains all precision, but if you need to do any math on it, you will probably need to cast it to a float first. If you need true arbitrary precision, you can optionally require pg_ext/big_rational which adds #to_big_r, but requires that you have LibGMP installed.

pg:
  github: will/crystal-pg
  version: ~> 0.21.0

License

none

Crystal

none

Dependencies 1

  • db ~> 0.9.0
    {'github' => 'crystal-lang/crystal-db', 'version' => '~> 0.9.0'}

Development Dependencies 0

Dependents 33

Show all 33 dependents

Mirrors 1

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